An Act require employers in industrial establishments formally to define conditions of employment under them

Whereas it is expedient to require employers in industrial establishments to define with sufficient precision the conditions of employment under them and to make the said conditions known to workmen employed by them.

It is hereby enacted as follow :

  1. Short title, extent and application :-

(1) This act may be called the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.

(2) It extends to the whole of India

(3) It applies to every industrial establishment wherein one hundred or more workmen are employed, or were employed on any day of the preceding twelve months:

Provided that the appropriate Government may, after giving not less than two months’ notice of its intention so to do, by notification in the Official Gazette, apply the provisions of this Act to any industrial establishment employing such number of number of persons less than one hundred as may be specified in the notification :

(4) Nothing in this Act shall apply to-

(i) any industry to which the provisions of Chapter VII of the Bombay Industrial Relations Act, 1946, apply; or

(ii) any industrial establishment to which the provisions of the Madhya Pradesh Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1961 apply :

Provided that notwithstanding anything contained in the Madhya Pradesh Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1961, the provisions of this Act shall apply to all industrial establishments under the control of the Central Government .

History of the Act.- The Act has been amended by the Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances ) Order, 1943; The A.O. 1950; Act 3 of 1951; Act 36 of 1956; Act 16 of 1961; Act 39 of 1963; 51 of 1970 and 18 of 1982,

 Object of the Act.- That the object of the Act is to have uniform Standing Orders providing for the matters enumerated in the Schedule to the Act, that it was not intended that there should be different conditions of service for those who are employed before and those employed after the Standing Orders came into force and finally, once the Standing Orders come into the force, they bind all those presently in the employment of the concerned establishment as well as those who are appointed thereafter.